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Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) e sebetsa joang ho li-bodybuilders

1. Pyridoxal Hydrochloride ke eng?

Pyridoxal Hydrochloride kapa vithamine B6 ke vithamini e qhibilihang ka metsing e fumanehang hangata lijong. E sebelisoa haholo e le tlatsetso ea lijo.

Ha e sebelisoa e le tlatsetso, Pyridoxal Hydrochloride e ka phekola kapa ea thibela mathata a mangata a bongaka. Hangata e nkoa ka ente, ka molomo kapa e le tlatsetso ea lijo.

Haeba u sehahi sa 'mele, vithamine ena e loketse uena hobane e na le mesebetsi e mengata e molemo' meleng. Mohlala, e thusa 'mele oa hau ho etsa lipids, lik'habohaedreite le liamino acid tseo kaofela li hlokahalang bakeng sa ho sebetsa hantle' meleng.

Mehloli e tloaelehileng ea pyridoxine hydrochloride vithamine B6 lijong e kenyelletsa lijo-thollo, khoho / mohatla, meroho le litholoana.

2. Hobaneng ha Lihahi tsa 'Mele li hloka li-Vitamin - pyridoxine Hydrochloride?

Hobaneng livithamini li le bohlokoa joalo ho baetsi ba 'mele? Hore u phethe mesebetsi eohle eo u nang le eona ka letsatsi, u lokela ho fepa 'mele oa hau ka limatlafatsi tse fapaneng tse fapaneng. Ho haella ho efe kapa efe ea limatlafatsi tsena ho tla baka tšenyo ea tsela ea hau ea metabolic. Sena se tla lebisa ts'ebetsong e tlase le ho se sebetse hantle.

Joalo ka sehahi sa 'mele, o tla hloka limatlafatsi tse ngata ho feta tsa ba itsamaisang ka bophelo. B-6 pyridoxine hydrochloride e bohlokoa haholo ho uena hobane ke tlhokahalo ho mesifa phosphorylase, ketsahalo e amanang le metabolism ea glycogen. Ka bokhutšoanyane, o hloka vithamine B6 bakeng sa metabolism e phetseng hantle. Vithamine B6 e ntlafatsa mesebetsi ea li-enzyme tse nkang karolo ho phatloheng ha protheine.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride litlamorao 'meleng o tsamaisana le karolo ea bohlokoa ea metabolism ea protheine. Ke kahoo ha u e sebelisa, ho leng molemo hore u je lijo tsa hoseng tsa protheine pele u ka ikoetlisa. U ka boela ua ja lijo tse nang le protheine e ngata ha u ntse u ikoetlisa, ha u ntse u ikoetlisa, ka mor'a ho ikoetlisa le pele u robala.

Leha ho le joalo, sena ha se bolele hore u hlokomoloha lijo tse ling. 'Mele oa hau o hloka liminerale tse ling tsa bohlokoa hore o sebetse hantle le ho u sireletsa khahlanong le mafu.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) e sebetsa joang ho li-bodybuilders

3. Litlamorao tsa Pyridoxine Hydrochloride e le vithamini ea ho ikoetlisa?

Lebaka leo u hlokang ho nka tekanyo e lekaneng ea B6 ke hore e kenya letsoho haholo liphethong tse ngata tsa lik'hemik'hale tse kenyeletsang li-amino acid le liprotheine.

Joalo ka ha o haha ​​'mele, o e hloka haholo bakeng sa sebopeho sa hau sa sele e khubelu. U tlameha ho ntlafatsa lisele tsa hau tse khubelu ho laola lits'oants'o tsa metsi le ho etsa bonnete ba hore 'mele oa hau o fumana oksijene e lekaneng.

Lebaka le leng leo u hlokang B6 ke hore e ntlafatsa boemo ba hau ba ho hanyetsa khatello ea maikutlo. B6 e etsa hore tšepe e lijong tsa hau e fumanehe haholoanyane. Mesifa ea hau e hloka tšepe e ngata le hemoglobin e ngata (oksijene) ho mamella khatello ea maikutlo.

U boetse o hloka matla a mangata nakong ea mosebetsi. Pyridoxine hydrochloride e tsoela 'mele oa hau molemo ka ho eketsa lebelo la ho chesoa ha lik'habohaedreite liseleng tsa hau. Sena se tiisa hore o fumana matla a lekaneng.

Nakong ea boikoetliso, ho tla ba le khatello ea maikutlo ts'ebetsong ea tlhahiso ea matla ea 'mele oa hau. Ho tla boela ho be le liphetoho liseleng tsa hau tsa 'mele tse bakoang ke mesebetsi e boima. Ntle le moo, o tla lahleheloa ke limatlafatsi tse ngata mantleng, moriring le mofufuong ka lebaka la metabolism e ngata.

Ka mabaka ana, o tla hloka ho tlatsa limatlafatsi tsa 'mele oa hau. O ka etsa sena ka ho nka litlhare ho boloka le ho lokisa boima ba lisele tsa hau. Sena se tla etsa bonnete ba hore litho tsa hau li lula li le makhethe ebile li le matla. Ha ho na tlatsetso e ntle ho feta pyridoxine hydrochloride vithamine B6 ha u batla ho haha ​​boima ba 'mele oa hau.

4. Nalane ea Pyridoxal Hydrochloride

Pyridoxal Hydrochloride (65-22-5) e entsoe pele ho 1939 empa ea fumanoa ho 1934. Se sibolotsoeng se entsoe ke Paul Gyorgy, ngaka ea Hungary. O ile a reha eona Vitamin B6 mme a e sebelisa ho phekola dermatitis acrodynia, boemo ba letlalo ho likhoto.

Lilemo tse hlano ka mor'a hore e sibolloe, rasaense e mong, Samuel Lepkovsky o ile a khona ho e arola le raese ea raese hore a e fumane pyridoxine hydrochloride phofo.

Ho 1939, Folkers le Harris ba ile ba tiisa sebopeho sa pyridoxine. Lilemo tse tšeletseng hamorao, Snell o ile a bontša hore B6 e ne e na le mefuta e 'meli: pyridoxamine le pyridoxal. Lebitso Pyridoxal Hydrochloride le hlahile hobane vithamine B6 e ne e raliloe ka mokhoa o hlophisitsoeng ho pyridine.

Kajeno, Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo o kenyelletsaPyridoxal Hydrochloride ho Lenane la Mesebetsi ea Bohlokoa. Lebaka ke hobane ba ho nka e le e 'ngoe ea meriana e sireletsehileng le e sebetsang ka ho fetisisa e hlokahalang lits'ebetsong tsa bophelo bo botle. E fumaneha kahare la morethetho le joalo ka moriana o tloaelehileng.

5. Tekanyetso ea Pyridoxal Hydrochloride bakeng sa lihahi tsa 'mele

Har'a li-vithamine tsa B, Pyridoxal Hydrochloride ke ea bohlokoahali bakeng sa bophelo bo botle ba 'mele le ba kelello ba lihahi tsa' mele. E thusa kholo ea lisele tse ncha, e a hlalosa Pyridoxine hydrochloride bodybuilding bokhoni. B6 e boetse e thusa ho leka-lekanya potasiamo le sodium, le ho etseng li-acid tsa acid, DNA le RNA eo le eona e leng karolo ea eona.

Basali ba ka e sebelisa ho leka-lekanya li-hormone le ho thusa ho itšireng ha mmele nakong ea kemolo. E boetse e sebetsana le ho boloka mokelikeli oa premenstrual le ho fokotsa bohloko ba ho ea matsatsing le makhopho.

Khaello ea Pyridoxal Hydrochloride e lebisa ho tsitsipaneng, ho teneha, ho hloka boroko, bofokoli, leleme le hlasetsoeng, lipekere tse tšetsoeng, ramatiki le lefu la masapo.

Motsoako o khothalelitsoeng oa FDA ke 2mg, empa ka litlatsetso, tekanyetso e tloaelehileng ke 20mg. Pyridoxal Hydrochloride e ka ba chefo ha o nka ho feta 2000mg.

Leha ho le joalo, ho latela patlisiso e 'ngoe, litekanyetso tsa hona joale tsa Pyridoxal Hydrochloride tse khothalletsoang batho ba mafolofolo ke' Muso oa US ha li na ho lekana.

Sena se bolela hore ba fokotsang lihlopha tsa lijo kapa ba thibelang likhalori li ka ba kotsing ea khaello. Ka hona, ba kanna ba se ke ba rua molemo ho litlamorao tsa pyridoxine hydrochloride haeba ba ka nka feela tekanyetso ka moo 'muso o ba khothalletseng.

Ho latela liphetho tsa lipatlisiso tsena, e tla ba bohlale ho botsa setsebi sa hau sa bophelo bo botle ho u thusa ho fumana tekanyetso e ntle ka ho fetisisa ea pyridoxine hydrochloride.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) e sebetsa joang ho li-bodybuilders

6. Ts'ebeliso ea Pyridoxal Hydrochloride's Medical

Ha ho na khaello e tebileng ea vithamine B6 ea US, empa e na le monyetla o moholo ho batho ba baholo le bana. Haeba u tšoeroe ke maemo a kang hyperthyroidism, lefu la celiac, lefu la autoimmune, lefu la liphio, kapa u tahiloe ke joala, joale u kotsing e kholo ea ho tšoaroa ke khaello ea Vitamin B6.

Mmele o ka se hlahise vithamine B6, ka hona o tlameha ho e fumana ho tsoa ho litlatsetso kapa lijong. Hoa hlokahala ho sebelisa vithamine e lekaneng ho phekola le ho thibela mafu a sa foleng le bakeng sa bophelo bo botle.

Mona ke ts'ebeliso ea li-procidoxine hydrochloride ea li-science tse robong tse latelang:

(1) Fokotsa Matšoao a ho Tepella Maikutlo le ho Ntlafatsa Mood

B-6 pyridoxine hydrochloride e bapala karolo ea bohlokoa ho laola maikutlo a maikutlo. Lebaka ke hobane e theha li-neurotransmitters tse laolang maikutlo. Pyridoxine hydrochloride bakeng sa boimana e bohlokoa haholo ho basali ba nang le maikutlo kapa ba feto-fetohang ha maikutlo ka lebaka la ho se leka-lekane ha li-hormone nakong ea kemolo.

B6 e boetse e fokotsa litekanyo tsa mali tsa homocysteine, amino acid e ikarabellang bakeng sa mathata a kelello joalo ka khatello ea maikutlo. Boithuto bo bongata bo amahantse matšoao a sithabetsang le litekanyetso tse tlase tsa pyridoxine hydrochloride maling.

(2) Fokotsa Kotsi ea Alzheimer's le Ho Ntlafatsa Bophelo bo Botle

Vitamin B6 e tsejoa ka karolo ea eona ho ntlafatseng ts'ebetso ea boko le thibelo ea lefu la Alzheimer's. E theola maemo a homocysteine ​​maling 'me ka tsela eo e fokotsa kotsi ea ho senyeha ha memori le Alzheimer's.

Phuputso e 'ngoe e kenyelletsang batho ba baholo ba 156 ba nang le bothata ba ho lemala bo fokolang ba' mele le litekanyetso tsa mali tse phahameng tsa homocysteine ​​e fumane hore tekanyo e phahameng ea pyridoxine hydrochloride e fokotsa litekanyetso tsa homocysteine ​​maling le ho fokotsa ho senyeha ha likarolo tse ling tsa boko tse kotsing ea Alzheimer's.

(3) E thibela le ho Tila Anemia

Vithamine B6 e thibela le ho tšoara phokolo ea mali e bakoang ke khaello ea eona. Lebaka ke hore e bapala karolo ea tlhahiso ea hemoglobin. Hemoglobin e tsamaisa oksijene liseleng tsa 'mele. Ka hemoglobin e fokolang, lisele tsa hau li ke ke tsa fumana oksijene e lekaneng 'me ka lebaka lena, u tla ba le anemia' me u ikutloe u khathetse kapa u fokola.

Methapo e tlase ea vithamine B6 e hokahane le khaello ea mali, haholo ho basali ba lilemong tsa ho ba le bana kapa ba baimana.

(4) Ho tšoara Matšoao a Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

E 'ngoe ea melemo ea pyridoxine hydrochloride ke hore e ka sebelisoa ho phekola matšoao a PMS ho kenyelletsa ho hloka botsitso, khatello ea maikutlo le matšoenyeho. Bafuputsi ba lumela hore vithamine B6 e ka phekola matšoao ana hobane e baka li-neurotransmitters tse thusang ho feto-fetoha ha maikutlo.

Phuputsong e le 'ngoe e nyane, ho fumanoe hore matšoao a PMS a kenyelletsang ho tšoenyeha, ho se ts'ohehe, le ho feto-fetoha ha maikutlo ho ka fokotsoa haholo ka ho nka 200mg ea magnesium hammoho le 50mg ea vithamine B6 ka letsatsi.

(5) Tšoara Ho nyekeloa ke pelo Nakong ea Boimana

Ka lilemo tse ngata, vithamine B6 e sebelisitsoe bakeng sa kalafo ea ho nyekeloa le pelo le ho hlatsa ho basali baimana. Hape ke motsoako oa Diclegis, setlhare se sebelisoang ho phekola bokuli ba hoseng. Sena ke se seng sa melemo e kaholimo ho pyridoxine hydrochloride bakeng sa basali ba nang le bothata bona nakong ea kemero.

Tekanyetso e nepahetseng ea pyridoxine hydrochloride moimana e fapana ho ea ka batho. Phuputso e kenyelletsang basali ba bakhachane ba 342 e fumane hore tekanyetso ea letsatsi le letsatsi ea 30mg ea vithamine ka mokhoa o makatsang e fokotse maikutlo a bona a ho nyekelwa ke pelo matsatsi a mahlano feela kamora ts'ebetso

Phuputsong e 'ngoe e amang basali baimana ba 126, liketsahalo tsa ho nyekeloa le ho hlatsa li ne li fokotsoa haholo ka ho nka 75mg ea vithamine B6 letsatsi le letsatsi. Matšoao a fokotsehile ke 41% kamora matsatsi a mane a bonts'a katleho ea pyridoxine hydrochloride bakeng sa boimana.

(6) Fokotsa Kotsi ea Boloetse ba Pelo ka ho Thibela Meroalo e Hlahang

Pyridoxine hydrochloride e bapala karolo e kholo ho thibela ho koaloa ha methapo ea methapo ka hona ho fokotsa kotsi ea lefu la pelo. Haeba u na le vithamine B6 e tlase, menyetla ea hau ea ho fumana lefu la pelo e batla e imena habeli ha e bapisoa le e nang le livithamini tse tloaelehileng maling. Vithamine B6 e fokotsa menyetla ea ho koaloa ha methapo ea methapo ka ho fokotseha maemo a homocysteine ​​maling.

Phuputsong e 'ngoe e amanang le likhoto tse neng li haelloa ke vithamine B6, ho ile ha fumaneha hore li na le cholesterol e phahameng hape le tsona li thehile liso. Tsena li kanna tsa baka li-blockege tsa mehleng ea khale haeba li ka ba peperana leococysteine. Patlisiso e 'ngoe e amang batho e boetse e bontšitse hore vithamine B6 e ka thibela mafu a pelo.

(7) E thusa ho Qoba Kankere

Mohlomong ena ke eona ea bohlokoahali pyridoxine hydrochloride e sebelisa e fanoeng ho ata ha mofets'e kajeno. Haeba o ntse o fumana Pyridoxine hydrochloride e lekaneng, menyetla ea hau ea ho ba le mofetše o tla fokotsoa. Lebaka la sena ha le hlake empa bafuputsi ba lumela hore le amana le bokhoni ba B6 ba ho loantša ho ruruha ho bakang maemo a sa foleng a kang mofetše.

Kamora ho hlahloba lithuto tsa 12, bafuputsi ba bang ba ile ba fihlela qeto ea hore tekanyo e lekaneng ea mali ea B6 e amana le kotsi e tlase ea ho ba le mofetše oa colorectal. Haeba u na le B6 e phahameng, menyetla ea hau ea ho ba le mofetše oa colorectal e tla fokotsoa ke 50% ha e bapisoa le ba nang le maemo a tlase a B6.

Patlisisong e itseng e entsoeng ho khetholla kamano lipakeng tsa maemo a pyridoxine hydrochloride le mofetše oa matsoele, ho ile ha fumaneha hore litekanyo tse lekaneng tsa B6 maling li theola kotsi ea mofets'e, haholoholo ho basali ba postmenopausal.

(8) E thibela Mafu a Leihlo le ho Hlahisa Bophelo Ba Leihlo

Vithamine B6 e thusa ho thibela mafu a mahlo, haholo-holo a amanang le botsofe - botsofatsi bo amanang le botsofe ba lilemo (AMD). Ha o na le litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa homocysteine ​​e phallang maling a hau, o tla ba le kotsi e kholo ea ho ba le AMD. Pyridoxine hydrochloride e thusa ho fokotsa maemo a phahameng a homocysteine ​​maling kahoo e fokotsa kotsi ea AMD.

Ho ea ka phuputso e 'ngoe e entsoeng ho basali ba fetang 5,000, ho ile ha fumaneha hore tekanyetso ea vithamine B6 ea letsatsi le letsatsi e kopantsoeng le vithamine B12 le folic acid e fokotsa kotsi ea AMD ho fihlela ho 40%, ha e bapisoa le ba sa nkeleng livithamine.

Patlisiso e 'ngoe e ile ea hokahanya mathata a mahlo le maemo a tlaase maling; Haholo-holo mathata a mahlo a lebisang ho phatloheng ha methapo e hokahaneng le retina. Tekanyo e tlase ea pyridoxine hydrochloride e boetse e amahanngoa le mathata a mokokotlo.

(9) Tšoaroa ke Ramatiki ea Ramatiki ea Ramatiki

Haeba u tšoeroe ke Rheumatoid Arthritis Inflammation, ho nka B6 ho ka u thusa ho fokotsa bohloko ba hau. Ramatiki ka boeona e theola maemo a B6 'meleng mme boemo bona bo hloka ho lokisoa.

Phuputso e entsoeng ho batho ba baholo ba 43 e fumane hore tekanyetso ea letsatsi le letsatsi ea motsoako oa 5mg ea folic acid le 100mg ea B6 e theohile haholo maemong a limolek'hule tsa 'mele ea bona kamora libeke tsa 12.

7. Litlamorao tsa Pyridoxal Hydrochloride

Pyridoxine hydrochloride e bolokehile hore e ka sebelisoa ke lihahi tsa 'mele. Ho boetse ho bolokehile bakeng sa tšebeliso ea bongaka. Leha ho le joalo, e na le litlamorao tse fapaneng ho batho ba fapaneng Ba bang ba litlamorao tsa pyridoxine hydrochloride li kenyeletsa:

  • Matšoao a ho hlaseloa ke lintho tse kulang joaloka ho hema ka thata, hits, ho ruruha ha molomo, sefahleho, 'metso kapa leleme
  • O theotsoe ke letsoalo hore o tla phalla, mocheso le ho ama
  • Ho ikutloa o khathetse kapa ho hlaba matsoho matsohong a hau
  • Ho lahleheloa ke tumellano kapa ho leka-lekana
  • Ho tsitsipana maikutlo kapa ho teneha, ho thellisa kapa ho chesa maikutlo maotong le matsohong
  • Bolo ba ho potoloha molomo kapa maotong a hau
  • Nausea
  • Ho otsela
  • Hlooho ea hlooho
  • Ho robala
  • Ho lahleheloa ke takatso ea lijo
  • Ho otloa ke mpa
  • Utloisisa leseli

Haeba u na le litla-morao tse matla tsa pyridoxine hydrochloride, ho ka ba molemo hore u batle lingaka.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) e sebetsa joang ho li-bodybuilders

8. Litemoso le lithibelo tsa Pyridoxal Hydrochloride ke eng?

Litekanyetso tse phahameng haholo tsa Pyridoxal Hydrochloride li ka baka mathata a methapo. Mathata ana a ka 'na a baka mathata a botsitso le tahlehelo ea maikutlo maotong. Ho boetse ho na le litlaleho tse ling tse tekanyetso e phahameng ea pyridoxine hydrochloride ho ka lebisa hotsong ea letlalo. Ka lehlohonolo, ha o emisa tekanyetso e phahameng, o tla fola ka botlalo.

Ho khothalletsoa hore u se ke ua nka tekanyetso e phahameng ea moriana nakong ea kemolo. Ke ngaka feela e tšoanelehang e lokelang ho tseba hore na lethal dose ea Pyridoxine hydrochloride keimana. Hape hlokomela hore ebang u sehahi sa 'mele kapa che, ha ua lokela ho nka ho feta 100mg ea pyridoxine hydrochloride ka letsatsi ntle le hore u buisane le mofani oa hau oa tlhokomelo ea bophelo.

Ha u le moriana oa Pyridoxal Hydrochloride, ha ua lokela ho emisa, qala ho e sebelisa hammoho le moriana o mong, kapa ho fetola tekanyetso ntle le tumello ea mofani oa hau oa tlhokomelo ea bophelo.

Le ha Pyridoxal Hydrochloride e sena tšebelisano e tebileng kapa e matla ea ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi tse ling, ho ntse ho le molemo ho ba hlokolosi.

Cordarone (Amiodarone)

Cordarone (Amiodarone) e eketsa kutloisiso ea khanya ea letsatsi ha e kopantsoe le B6. Motsoako ona o ka eketsa menyetla ea hau ea ho hlaseloa ke makhopho, lithunthung kapa ho chesoa ke letsatsi libakeng tse pepesehileng tsa letlalo la hao. Etsa bonnete ba hore u roala liaparo tse u sirelletsang kapa u li thibetse ha u sebelisa motsoako ona.

Luminal (Phenobarbital)

Mmele oa hau o senya Luminal (Phenobarbital) ho e tlosa. Pyridoxal hydrochloride (65-22-5) e eketsa lebelo leo Luminal e robehang ka ho lona ka tsela eo le fokotsa ts'ebetso ea 'mele oa hau.

Dilantin (Phenytoin)

Feela joaloka Luminal, Pyridoxal hydrochloride (65-22-5) Ho roba khemikhale ena ho e tlosa 'meleng oa hau. Ho nka motsoako oa Dilantin le Pyridoxal Hydrochloride ho fokotsa ts'ebetso ea pele ho 'mele oa hau. Sena se ka eketsa menyetla ea hore ou ts'oaroe ka linako tse ling.

Lithethefatsi tse ling tse sebelisanang le Pyridoxal Hydrochloride li kenyeletsa:

  • Levodopa
  • Azithromycin
  • Altretamine
  • Clarithromycin
  • Cisplatin
  • Erythromycin Base
  • Dichlorphenamide
  • Roxithromycin
  • Erythromycin Stearate

Pyridoxal Hydrochloride e na le tšebelisano e bonolo le lithethefatsi tse fapaneng tsa 70 tse fapaneng. Ka hona, pele u sebelisa lithethefatsi life kapa life hammoho le tsona, netefatsa hore o ikopanya le mofani oa hau oa bophelo bo botle.

B6 e sebetsa hantle le li-MCT tse ling tsa B-vithamine, CLA, zinki, sodium, potasiamo, magnesium le vithamini C.

9. fihlela qeto e

Melemo ea Pyridoxal Hydrochloride ho lihahi tsa 'mele e mengata. Ha se lihahi tsa 'mele feela, semathi se seng le se seng se tebileng se hloka ho ba le vithamine ena. Le ha ho le joalo, o lokela ho e sebelisa ho latela melao e khothalelitsoeng ke lingaka tsa bongaka.

Mesebetsi e boima e amehang ho aheng 'mele e lebisa ho tsofetseng liseleng tsa' mele le mesifa. Ho molemo ho khutlisa tse sebelisang livithamini tsa B6. Ha u reka a Pyridoxal Hydrochloride sehlahisoa, etsa bonnete ba hore o etsa joalo ho tsoa mehloling e tsebahalang joalo ka Aasraw. Ho etsa molao oa bohlokoa oa Pyridoxine hydrochloride buy, etela feela aasraw.com kajeno 'me u etse odara.

References:

1 Osswald, H, et al, 1987 Tšusumetso ea sodium ascorbate, menadione sodium bisulfite kapa pyridoxal hydrochloride hodima ketso e nang le chefo le antineoplastic ea N-methylformamide ho P 388 leukemia kapa M 5076 sarcoma ho mice Toxicology 43 (XXUMX) 2 PMID: 183

2 Reimer, LG, et al, 1983 Phello ea pyridoxal holima kholo ea phetoho ea mali ea lefu lena le li-bacterium tse ling ho mali a mali agar Diagnostic microbiology le lefu le tšoaetsanoang 1 (4): 273-5 PMID: 6667606

3 Zygmunt, WA, et al, 1962 REVERSAL OF d-CYCLOSERINE LITLHAKISO TSA BOPHELO BA LITLHAKISO KE ALANINE Ntoa ea bacteriology 84 (1): 154-6 PMID: 16561951

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